AVOIDING PLAGIARISM IN A RESEACH WORK
By Kenneth Samuel
Creativity in project writing is an act of thinking and developing useful information to aid research work, research work is all about finding new information adding to an existing idea with a more modify way.
Understanding the word plagiarism give us full idea on how to write a research work from Scratch without coping and pasting of word to from an existing work.
Plagiarism is the act of plagiarizing or taking another person’s writing, conversation, song, or even idea and passing it off as your own without permission. Make sure that you do not copy verbatim more than two words in a row from the text you have consulted. If you do use more than two words together, you will have to use quotation marks. We will get into quoting properly soon. Therefore, Cite – Citing is one of the effective ways to “avoid plagiarism”.
Six Basic Steps to Avoid plagiarism:
Paraphrase: Paraphrasing is using your own words to express someone’s idea. It is also a restatement of the meaning of a text or passage using other words. A paraphrase typically explains or clarifies the text that is being paraphrased. For example, “The signal was red” might be paraphrased as “The train was not allowed to pass because the signal was red”. A paraphrase is usually introduced with verbum dicendi-a declaratory expression to signal the transition to the paraphrase. For example, in “The signal was red, that is, the train was not allowed to proceed,” that is, signals the paraphrase that follows.
STEPS FOR PARAPHRASING:
- Read original
- Try to write the ideas in your own words
- Look closely at unfamiliar words
- Check your own paraphrase.
If the wording of the paraphrasing is too close to the original, then it is “PLAGIARISM”. Examples are:
- a) Original Sentence: Her life spanned years of incredible change of women.
- b) Paraphrased Sentence: Many lived through an era of liberating reform for women.
Cite: Citing means “to quote or refer to” (a book or author, for example) as an authority or example in making an argument. Citing is one of the effective ways to avoid plagiarism. Follow the document formatting guidelines (i.e. APA, MLA, Chicago, etc.) used by your educational institution or the institution that issued the research request. This usually entails the addition of the author(s) and the date of the publication or similar information. Citing is really that simple. Not citing properly can constitute plagiarism.
Quoting: When quoting a source, use the quote exactly the way it appears. No one wants to be misquoted. Most institutions of higher learning frown on “block quotes” or quotes of 40 words or more. A scholar should be able to effectively paraphrase most material. This process takes time, but the effort pays off! Quoting must be done correctly to avoid plagiarism allegations.
Citing Quotes: citing a quote can be different from citing paraphrased material, this practice usually involves the addition of a page number, or a paragraph number in the case of web content
Citing Your Own Material: If the materials you are using for your research paper was used by you in your current class, a previous one, or anywhere else you must cite yourself, Treat the text the same as you would if someone else wrote it. It may sound odd, but using material you have used before is called self-plagiarism, and it is not acceptable.
Referencing: One of the most important ways to avoid plagiarism is including a reference page or page of works cited at the end of your research work. Again, this page must meet the document formatting guidelines used by your educational institution. This information is very specific and includes the author(s), date of publication, title, and source. Follow the directions for this page carefully. You will want to get the references right.
Author’s Advice: Always be sure to edit your research work carefully and check for plagiarism before submitting it your supervisor. The steps above are essentials for research work writing. Using plagiarism checker services such as “Write Check” is a great way to assess your paraphrasing and other anti-plagiarism skills. Most educators and educational institutions are using some kind of plagiarism checker software to check students’ research works. Do not take the chance of not checking your research work. Plagiarism could mean the loss of your academic degree or career.
List of Plagiarism Software below are:
Septic arthritis commonly happens in the joints such
as knees, ankles, hips, wrists, shoulders as well as joints.
I’ve been surfing online more than 4 hours today, yet I never found any interesting
article like yours. It is pretty worth enough for me. In my opinion, if all
website owners and bloggers made good content as you did, the net will be much more
useful than ever before.|
I coild not resist commenting. Perfectly written!|
I’ll right away clutch your rss as I can not find your email subsfription hyperlink or newsletter service.
Do you’ve any? Please let me understand so that I maay just subscribe.
It’s appropriate time to make some plans for the future
and it is tike to be happy. I have rad this post and if I could I desire to suggest you some
interesting things or suggestions. Perhaps you could write next
articles referring to this article. I desire to read more things about it!|
It’s appropriate time to make some plans for the longer term and it is time to be
happy. I’ve read this submit andd if I may just I wish
to counsel you some fascinating issues or advice.
Perehaps you can wrikte next articles regarding this article.
I wish too learn more things about it!|
I have been surfing online greater than 3 hours nowadays, but I never discovered
any interesting article like yours. It is beautiful price sufficient for me.
In mmy view, if alll site owners and bloggers made just right content material as you did,
the nnet might be mucxh more useful than ever before.|
Ahaa, its nice conversation concerning this
aricle at this place at this weblog, I hazve read all that, so now me also
I am sure this piece of writing has touched all the internet users, its
really really fastidious article on building up new webpage.|
Wow, this article is fastidious, my younger sister
is analyzing thwse kinds of things, sso I am going
to tell her.|
Saved as a favorite, I like your web site!|
Way cool! Some extremely valid points! I appreciate you penning this article and the rest of the website iis
Hi, I do believe thhis is an excellent website. I stumbledupon it 😉 I am going to come back yet again since i have saved as a favorite it.
Money and freedom is the greatest way to change, may you be rich and contjnue to help others.|
Woah! I’m really loving the template/theme of this website.
It’s simple, yet effective. A lot of times it’s very hard too get that “perfect balance” between user friendliness and appearance.
I must ssay tha you’ve done a superb job with this.
Also, the blog loads extremely fast for me on Opera.
These are truly enormous ideas in regarding blogging.
You habe toucheed some good things here.Any way keep up wrinting.|
Everyone loves what you guys tend to be up too.
This ssort of clever work and reporting! Keep up the very good works guyss I’ve includrd you guys to
Hi! Someone in my Myspace group shared thios site with uss so I came to look iit over.
I’m definitely loving thhe information. I’m bookmarking and will be tweeting this to my followers!
Exceptional blog and outstanding style and
I like what you guys tend to be up too. This sort off clever work and
reporting! Keep up thee very good works guys I’ve included you
guys to my blogroll.|
Hi there would you mind sharing which blog platform you’re using?
I’m going to start mmy own blog in the near future but I’m having a difficut
time choosing between BlogEngine/Wordpress/B2evolution and Drupal.
The reason I ask is because your design seems different then most blogs and I’m looking for
something completely unique. P.S Sorry for getting off-topic but I had tto ask!|
Howdy would you mind letting me know which web host you’re utilizing?
I’ve loaded your blog in 3 different web browsers and I must say
this blog loads a lot quicker the most. Can you recommend a good web hosting
provider at a fair price? Many thanks, I appreciate it!|
Everyone loves it when individuals come together and shhare opinions.
Great website, continue the good work!|
Thank you ffor the auspicious writeup. It in fact was a amusement account it.
Look advanced to faar added agreeable from you! However,
how can we communicate?|
Hi there just wanted to give you a quick heads up.
The text in ylur post seem to be running off the screen iin Chrome.
I’m not sure if this is a format iissue or something to do with internet breowser
compatibility but I figured I’d post to leet you know. The stytle and design look great though!
Hope you get the problem fixed soon. Kudos|
This is a topic which iss close to my heart… Many thanks!
Exactly where are your contact details though?|
It’s very straightforward to find out any matter on web aas compared to textbooks,
as I found this post at this web page.|
Does your ste hav a contact page? I’mhaving a tough time locating it but, I’d like to shoot you
an email. I’ve got some ideas for yur blog you might bee interested in hearing.
Either way, great website and I look forward to seeing it grow over time.|
Hola! I’ve been following your blog for a while now and finally gott the
courage to go ahead and give youu a shout ouut from
Kingwood Texas! Just wanted to mention keep up the good job!|
Greetings from Ohio! I’m bored to death at work so I decided to check oout your site on my iphone during lunch break.
I really like the information you provide here and can’t wait to take a look when I get home.
I’m amazed at how fast your blog loaded on my
phone .. I’m not even using WIFI, just 3G ..
Anyhow, great blog!|
Itss such as you learn my thoughts! You sem too knoww a lot about this, like you wrote
the ebookk in it or something. I think that you simply
can do with some p.c. to power thhe message home a bit, but instead of that, that is great blog.
An excellent read. I’ll certainly be back.|
I visited varilus websites bbut the audio quality for audio songs curent at this weebsite is
Hi there, i rad you blog occssionally and i own a similar one and i
was just wondering iff you get a lot of spam feedback?
If so how do you redduce it, any plugin or anything you can suggest?
I get sso much lately it’s driving mee maad so anny support is
very much appreciated.|
Greetings!Very useful advice in this particular post!
It’s the little changes that make the most significant changes.
Many thanks ffor sharing!|
I seriously love your site.. Excellent colors & theme.
Did you build this website yourself? Please reply back as I’m
wanting to create my own website and want to know where you got this from or what
the theme is named. Thank you!|
Hi there! This article couldn’t be written any better!
Lookoing through this ppost reminds me of my previous roommate!
He constantly kept taalking about this. I will forward this information tto him.
Pretty sure he will have a good read. Thanks for sharing!|
Amazing! This blog looks exactly like my old one! It’s on a completely different subject but it has pretty much the same
page layout and design. Outstwnding choice of colors!|
There is certwinly a lot to know about this topic.
I like all of the points you have made.|
Youu made some really good points there. I checked on the internet for additional information about the issue and
found most people will go along with your views on this wweb site.|
Hello, I check your blogs like every week. Your story-telling style is awesome, keep doing what you’re doing!|
I juxt couldn’t go away your website prior too suggesting that I
actally enjoyed the usual information a person provide on your visitors?
Is going to be again frequently to check up on neww posts|
I needed tto thank you for tis great read!! I absolutely enjoyed every bit of it.
I have you book-marked to lopk at neew stuff you post…|
Hello, just wanted to mention, I enjoyed this post.
It was helpful. Keep on posting!|
Hello, I enjoy reading alll of your post. I wanted to write a little comment to support
I always spent mmy half an hour to read this weblog’s content all the time along with a
mug of coffee.|
I for all time emailed this webpge post page to all my contacts, as if liike to read
it next my links will too.|
My developer is trying to persuade me to move to .net
ffom PHP. I have always disliked the idea because of the expenses.
But he’s tryiong none the less. I’ve been using Movable-type on several websites for about a year annd am anxious about switching to
another platform. I have heard great things about blogengine.net.
Is there a way I can transfer alll my wordpress content into it?
Any kind of hlp wpuld bee greatly appreciated!|
Hello! I could have sworn I’ve been to your blog before but after browsing through some
of the posts I realized it’s new to me. Anyhow, I’m certainly happy I stumbled upon it and I’ll be
book-marking it and checking back frequently!|
Great work! That is thhe type off information that should be shared
across the internet. Shame on the seek engies for now not positioning this put up upper!
Coome on over aand consult with my site . Thank youu =)|
Heya i am for the first time here. I came across this board and
I find It really useful & itt helped me out much.
I hope to give something back andd aid others like you aided me.|
Howdy, There’s noo doubt that your website might be
having internet browser compatibility issues. When I look aat your
website in Safari, it looks fine howeverr when opening in Internet Explorer, it’s got some overlapping issues.I simply wanted to
give you a quick heads up! Aprt from that, wonderful website!|
A perzon necessarily assist too make significantlly articles I would state.
This iis the very first time I frequented your website
page and so far? I surprised with the analysis you made to create this actual publish incredible.
Heya i am for the primary time here. I found this board and Iin finding It truly useful & it
helped me oout much. I’m hoping to provvide something back
and help others like you aided me.|
Hi! I just wish to offer yyou a big thumbs up for your great ifo you’ve goot here onn this post.
I aam returning to your blog for more soon.|
I every time used to study article in news papers
bbut now as I aam a user oof web therefore from now I am using net for posts, thanks too web.|
Your means off expplaining everything inn this article is actually pleasant, all be capable off easily understand it, Thamks
Hi there, I discovered your blog by the use of Google even as looking for a comparable matter, your web sie
got hee up, it seems great. I’ve bookmarked it in my google bookmarks.
Hi there, just waas alert to your weblogg through Google,
and found that it’s really informative. I’m going to be
careful for brussels. I’ll appreciate in the event
yyou continue this in future. Lots of other folkks shall be benefited from
your writing. Cheers!|
I am curious to find out what blog system you’re utilizing?
I’m expoeriencing some small security issues with my latest sitre and I would like to find something more secure.
Do you have any suggestions?|
I’m extremly impressed with your writing skills and also with the layout onn your blog.
Is this a paid theme or did you customize it yourself?
Anyway keep up the excellent quality writing, it is
rare to see a great blog like ths one today.|
I am extremely impressed together with yoiur writing talents as smartly as with tthe layout for your blog.
Is that thijs a paid subject or did you modify iit yourself?
Either way stay up the excellent high quality writing, it’s rare to see
a nice weblog like this one nowadays..|
Hello, Neat post. There’s an issue along with your website in web explorer, would check this?
IE still is the marketplace leader and a hute part of other people will pass over your great
writing due to this problem.|
I’m not sure where you’re getting your information, but great topic.
I needs to spend some time learning more or understanding more.
Thanks for fantasttic info I wwas looking for this info for myy mission.|
Hi, i hink that i saw you visited my website so i came to “return the favor”.I am attempting to find things to
enhance my website!I suppose its ok to use a few of