Home / BUSINESS EDUCATION PROJECT TOPICS AND MATERIALS / the impact of entrepreneurship education on the development of entrepreneurial career intentions and actions

the impact of entrepreneurship education on the development of entrepreneurial career intentions and actions



Purpose: This study examined the impact of entrepreneurship education on the development of entrepreneurial career intentions and actions using selected tertiary institutions in Delta state as a case study. The main objective of the study was to investigate the impact of entrepreneurship education on the entrepreneurial intentions of university students to start a new venture using Linen’s model. This study also analyzed the significance of different component of entrepreneurship education program in imparting entrepreneurship education at tertiary level.

Methodology: The population of this study consisted of 10,279 students who were, at the time of the survey, in their final year of study (2015/2016 academic session) at Delta State Polytechnic Ogwashi-uku and Delta State University. A study sample of 400 students was taken using random sampling technique. The methodological approach involved analysis of a close ended questionnaire distributed to undergraduate students in their last year in selected tertiary institutions. The data collected were analyzed using descriptive statistics such as Frequency counts, percentages and population t-test were the statistical techniques deployed to test the study hypotheses and also answer the research questions.

Results: The findings suggest positive relationship between entrepreneurship education and intentions and perceived desirability while no relation existed with perceived feasibility or self-efficacy. Given the significance and importance of entrepreneurship, it is desirable to reform the educational system to encourage creativity and innovativeness of students.

Unique contribution to theory, practice and policy: The study recommended that entrepreneurship education should be practical oriented so as to sustain students’ interest. In addition the duration and intensity of the entrepreneurship education should be increased beyond a semester’s course to realize a maximum impact on university students.

Full Text:


Ajzen, I. (1991). The theory of planned behavior. Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, 50(2), 179–211.

Ajzen, I. (2002). Nature and operation of attitudes. Annual review of psychology,52(1), 27-58.

Ajzen, I. (2005). Attitudes, personality, and behaviour. McGraw-Hill International.

Ardichvili, A., Cardozo, R., & Ray, S. (2013). A theory of entrepreneurial opportunity identification and development. Journal of Business Venturing,18(1), 105-123.

Armitage, C. J., & Conner, M. (2001). Efficacy of the theory of planned behaviour:A meta‐analytic review. British journal of social psychology, 40(4), 471-499.

Audretsch, D. B. (Ed.). (2012). Entrepreneurship: determinants and policy in a European-US comparison (Vol. 27). Springer.

Basu, A., & Virick, M. (2015). Assessing entrepreneurial intentions amongst students: A comparative study. National Collegiate Inventors and Innovators Alliance Conference, Dallas, USA (pp. 79–86).

Bird, B. (1988). Implementing entrepreneurial ideas: The case for intention. Academy of Management Review, 13(3), 442–453.

Bollen, K. A., & Long, J. S. (Eds.). (1993). Testing structural equation models(Vol. 154). Sage.

Boyd, N.G., & Vozikis, G.S. (1994). The influence of self-efficacy on the development of entrepreneurial intentions and actions. Entrepreneurship: Theory and Practice, 18(4), 63–77.

Byabashaija, W., & Katono, I. (2011). The impact of college entrepreneurial education on entrepreneurial attitudes and intention to start a business in Uganda. Journal of Developmental Entrepreneurship, 16(01), 127-144.

Ciavarella, M. A., Buchholtz, A. K., Riordan, C. M., Gatewood, R. D., & Stokes, G. S. (2004). The Big Five and venture survival: Is there a linkage?.Journal of Business Venturing, 19(4), 465-483.

Cooper, S., & Lucas, W. (2015). Exploring the role of education in influencing perceived desirability, feasibility and intentions towards entrepreneurship. Paper presented in 5th International AGSE Entrepreneurship Research Exchange, 5–8 February 2015, AGSE, Swinburne University of Technology. Melbourne, Australia.

Corduras, M.A., Levie, J., Kelley, D.J., Saemundsson, R.J., & Schott, T. (2010). Global entrepreneurship monitor special report: A global perspective on entrepreneurship education and training. GERA.

Courneya, K.S. (2013). Investigating multiple components of attitude, subjective norm, and perceived control: An examination of the theory of planned behaviour in the exercise domain. British Journal of Social Psychology, 42(1), 129–146.

Dickson, P.H., Solomon, G.T., & Weaver, K.M. (2015). Entrepreneurial selection and success: Does education matter? Journal of Small Business and Enterprise Development, 15(2), 239–258.

Do Paco, A.M.F., Ferreira, J.M., Raposo, M., Rodrigues, R.G., & Dinis, A. (2011). Behaviours and entrepreneurial intention: Empirical findings about secondary students. Journal of International Entrepreneurship, 9(1), 20–38.

Drucker, P.F. (1985). Innovation and entrepreneurship. London: William Heinmann. Ertuna, Z.I., & Gurel, E. (2011). The moderating role of higher education on entrepreneurship. Education & Training, 53(5), 387–402.

Economic surevy of Nigeria(2012). Retrieved on April 10, 2014, from http://www.finance.gov.ng/survey_1112.html

European Commission. (2016). Entrepreneurship education in Europe: Fostering entrepreneurial mindsets through education and learning. In Final proceedings of the conference on entrepreneurship education in Oslo.

Explaining entrepreneurial intentions by means of the theory of planned behaviour. Career Development International, 13(6), 538-559.

Fayolle, A., & Gailly, B. (2015). From craft to science: Teaching models and learning processes in entrepreneurship education. Journal of European Industrial Training, 32(7), 569-593

Fayolle, A., Gailly, B., & Lassas-Clerc, N. (2016). Assessing the impact of entrepreneurship education programmes: a new methodology. Journal of European Industrial Training, 30(9), 701–720.

Fiet, J. O. (2001). The theoretical side of teaching entrepreneurship. Journal of Business Venturing, 16(1), 1-24. Fiet, J. O. (2001). The pedagogical side of entrepreneurship theory. Journal of Business Venturing, 16(2), 101-117.

Fishbein, M., & Ajzen, I. (1975). Belief, attitude, intention and behaviour: An introduction to theory and research. Reading, Mass.: Addison-Wesle

Galloway, L., & Brown, W. (2012). Entrepreneurship education at university: a driver in the creation of high growth firms?. Education+ Training, 44(8/9), 398-405.

Gelderen. V, M., Brand, M., van Praag, M., Bodewes, W., Poutsma, E., & Van Gils, A. (2015).

George, D., & Mallery, P. (2013). SPSS for windows step by step: A simple guide and reference. 11.0 update (4th ed.). Boston: Allyn & Bacon.

Godsey, M. L. (2016). Gaining entrepreneurial perspective: The impact of venture creation role models on high school career intention.

Graevenitz , Von, G., Harhoff, D., & Weber, R. (2010). The effects of entrepreneurship education. Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization,76(1), 90-112.

Hamidi, D.Y., Wennberg, K., & Berglund, H. (2015). Creativity in entrepreneur-ship education. Journal of Small Business and Enterprise Development, 15(2), 304–320.

Haque, N. U. (2013). Entrepreneurship in Nigeria (No. 2013: 29). Nigeria Institute of Development Economics.

Hattab, H. (2015). The global entrepreneurship monitor report for Egypt. Cairo: The British University in Egypt and the Industrial Modernisation Centre.

Henderson, R., & Robertson, M. (1999). Who wants to be an entrepreneur? Young adults’ attitudes to entrepreneurship as a career. Education & Training, 41(5), 236–245.

Hoyle, E., & John, P. D. (1995). Professional knowledge and professional practice. London: Cassell.

Hu, L. T., & Bentler, P. M. (1999). Cutoff criteria for fit indexes in covariance structure analysis: Conventional criteria versus new alternatives. Structural Equation Modeling: A Multidisciplinary Journal, 6(1), 1-55.

Hyder, A., Azhar, A., Javaid, A., & Rehman, M. (2011). Entrepreneurial Intentions among Business Students in Pakistan. Journal of Business Systems, Governance and Ethics, 5(2).

Izquierdo, E., & Buelens, M. (2015). Competing models of entrepreneurial intentions: The influence of entrepreneurial self-efficacy and attitudes. Paper presented in Internationalizing Entrepreneurship Education and Training, IntEnt2015 Conference, 17–20 July 2015, Oxford, Ohio, USA.

Johannisson, B. (2011). University training for entrepreneurship: Swedish approaches. Entrepreneurship & Regional Development, 3(1), 67-82.

Jones, P., Jones, A., Packham, G., & Miller, C. (2015). Students’ attitudes towards enterprise education in Poland: A positive impact. Education & Training, 50(7), 597–614.

Kennedy, J., Drennan, J., Renfrow, P., & Watson, B. (2013). Situational factors & entrepreneurial intentions. The 16th Annual Conference of Small Enterprise Association of Australia and New Zealand, 28 September–10 October 2013.

Kocoglu, M., & Hassan, M. U. (2013). Assessing Entrepreneurial Intentions of University Students: A Comparative Study of Two Different Cultures: Turkey and Pakistani. European Journal of Business and Management, 5(13), 243-252.

Kolvereid, L. (2016). Prediction of employment status choice intentions.working paper series-henley management college hwp.

Krueger, N. F., Reilly, M. D., & Carsrud, A. L. (2014). Entrepreneurial intentions: A competing models approach. Journal of Business Venturing,15(5/6), 411-432.

Krueger, N.F., Jr., Reilly, M.D., & Carsrud, A.L. (2014). Competing models of entrepreneurial intentions. Journal of Business Venturing, 15(5/6), 411–432.

Lee, S.H., & Wong, P.K. (2004). An exploratory study of technopreneurial intentions: A career anchor perspective. Journal of Business Venturing, 19(1), 7–28.

Levenburg, N.M., & Schwarz, T.V. (2015). Entrepreneurial orientation among the youth of India: The impact of culture, education and environment. Journal of Entrepreneurship, 17(1), 15–35.

Liñán, F. (2004). Intention-based models of entrepreneurship education. Piccola Impresa/Small Business, 3(1), 11–35.

Liñán, F., & Chen, Y. W. (2009). Development and Cross‐Cultural application of a specific instrument to measure entrepreneurial intentions. Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice, 33(3), 593-617

Liñán, F., & Chen, Y.W. (2016). Testing the entrepreneurial intention model on a two-country sample. Document de Treball d’economia dell’empresa, num. 06/7. Universitat Autonoma de Barcelona.

Liñán, F., Rodríguez-Cohard, J. C., & Rueda-Cantuche, J. M. (2011). Factors affecting entrepreneurial intention levels: a role for education. International Entrepreneurship and Management Journal, 7(2), 195-218.

Lo, C. T. (2011). The impact of entrepreneurship education on entrepreneurial intention of engineering students (Unpublished doctoral thesis) Cityu University of Hong Kong

London, M. (1983). Toward a theory of career motivation. Academy of Management Review, 3(4), 620–630.

Lorz, M., Müller, S., & Volery, T. (2011). Entrepreneurship Education: A Meta Analysis of Impact Studies and Applied Methodologies. In Conference Paper, FGF G-Forum 2011.

Lynskey, M. (2004). Knowledge, finance and human capital: The role of social institutional variables on entrepreneurship in Japan. Industry & Innovation, 11(4), 373–405.

Maina, R.W. (2011). Determinants of entrepreneurial intentions among Kenyan college graduates. KCA. Journal of Business Management, 3(2), 1–18.

McMullen, J. S., & Shepherd, D. A. (2016). Entrepreneurial action and the role of uncertainty in the theory of the entrepreneur. Academy of Management Review, 31(1), 132-152.

Menzies, T. V., & Paradi, J. C. (2013). Entrepreneurship education and engineering students-Career path and business performance. The International Journal of Entrepreneurship and Innovation, 4(2), 121-132.

Meredith, G.G., Nelson, R.E., & Neck, P.A. (2016). The practice of entrepreneur­ ship (2nd Impression). Lagos: University Press.

Miller, B., Bell, J., Palmer, M., Gonzalez, A., & Petroleum, P. (2009). Predic-tors of entrepreneurial intentions: A quasi-experiment comparing students enrolled in introductory management and entrepreneurship classes. Journal of Business and Entrepreneurship, 21(2), 39–62.

Morris, M. H., Webb, J. W., Fu, J., & Singhal, S. (2013). A Competency‐Based Perspective on Entrepreneurship Education: Conceptual and Empirical Insights.Journal of Small Business Management, 51(3), 352-369.

Nabi, G., & Liñán, F. (2011). Graduate entrepreneurship in the developing world: Intentions, education and development. Education & Training, 53(5), 325–334.

Noel, T. (1998). Effects of entrepreneurial education on intent to open a busi-ness: An exploratory study. Journal of Entrepreneurship Education, 5(1), 3–13.

Obschonka, M., Silbereisen, R. K., & Schmitt‐Rodermund, E. (2012). Explaining entrepreneurial behaviour: Dispositional personality traits, growth of personal entrepreneurial resources, and business idea generation. The Career Development Quarterly, 60(2), 178-190

OECD. (2009). Evaluation of programmes concerning education for entrepreneurship. Report by the OECD Working Party on SMEs and Entrepreneurship, OECD, Paris.

Oosterbeek, H., Van Praag, M., & Ijsselstein, A. (2013). The impact of entrepreneurship education on entrepreneurship competencies and intentions: An evaluation of the junior achievement student mini-company program. Jena Economic Research Papers, (No. 3641). IZA Discussion Papers.

Peterman, N. E., & Kennedy, J. (2013). Enterprise education: Influencing students’ perceptions of entrepreneurship. Entrepreneurship theory and practice, 28(2), 129-144.

Pittaway, L., & Cope, J. (2013). Entrepreneurship Education A Systematic Review of the Evidence. International Small Business Journal, 25(5), 479-510.

Pribadi, H. (2012). Defining and constructing the teaching model of entrepreneur education based on entrepreneurial intention model. Jurnal Teknik Industri, 7(1), 76–82.

Rae, D. (2016). Entrepreneurial learning: A narrative based conceptual model. Journal of Small Business & Enterprise Development, 12(3), 232–335. Rhodes, R.E., &

Richardson, W.E. (1993). Academic major and alumni perception of growth and development. Paper presented at the 33rd Annual Forum of the Association for Institutional Research, Chicago, IL, May.

Rushing, F. (1990). Entrepreneurship and education. In C. Kent (ed.), Entre­ preneurship education—current developments, future directions (pp. 29–39). New York: Quoru Books.

Sarfraz, M., & Quresh, S. (2013). The Global Entrepreneurship Monitor Nigeria Report. 2011. GEM Nigeria 2011 Report.

Shane, S., & Venkataraman, S. (2014). The promise of entrepreneurship as a field of research. Academy of Management Review, 25(1), 217–226.

Shapero, A., & Sokol, L. (1982). The social dimensions of entrepreneurship. In C.A. Kent, D.L. Sexton & K.H. Vesper (eds), Encyclopedia of entrepre­ neurship (pp. 288–307). Englewood Cliffs: Prentice Hall.

Sieger,P. , Fueglistaller,U. , Zellweger,T.. Global University Entrepreneurial Spirit Students’ Survey 2011 International Report. Retrieved on October 11, 2013, from http://www.guesssurvey.org/PDF/2011/GUESSS_INT_2011_FINAL.pdf

Tabachnick, B. G., & Fidell, L. S. (2013). Experimental designs using ANOVA. Thomson/Brooks/Cole.

The New Growth Framework Nigeria(2011), Retrieved on April 16, 2013, from http://www.pc.gov.ng/hot%20links/growth_document_english_version.pdf

Tkachev, A., & Kolvereid, L. (1999). Self-employment intentions among Russian students. Entrepreneurship & Regional Development, 11(3), 269-280.

Wang, Y. & Verzat, C. (2011). Generalist or specific studies for engineering entrepreneurs?: Comparison of French engineering students’ trajectories in two different curricula. Journal of Small Business and Enterprise Development, 18(2), 366–383.

Wilson, F., Kickul, J., & Marlino, D. (2013). Gender, entrepreneurial self-efficacy, and entrepreneurial career intentions: Implications of entrepreneurship education. Entrepreneurship: Theory and Practice, 31(3), 387–406

Zhang, Y., Duysters, G., & Cloodt, M. (2013). The role of entrepreneurship education as a predictor of university students’ entrepreneurial intention. International Entrepreneurship and Management Journal.

Zhao, H., Seibert, S. E., & Hills, G. E. (2012). The mediating role of self-efficacy in the development of entrepreneurial intentions. Journal of applied psychology, 90(6), 1265.

About admin

Check Also

business credit availability and its impact on small and medium scale enterprises in nigeria


assessment of siwes relevance to business education programme objectives


entrepreneur competency required by business education student in establishing smale scale ventures in akwa ibom state


the role of business education in poverty eradication


prospects and challenges of setting up small scale businesses in nigeria(a case study of uyo lga)


attitude of business education teachers towards teaching:


Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.